spirea japonica identification

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2015-01-29

spirea japonica identification

Size, Shape, and Type ➺ It is a deciduous, perennial shrub. Spirea. It has a much more manageable size and comes in an assortment of colored foliage and even has a variety of bloom colors. ... Spiraea japonica Japanese meadowsweet Spiraea lucida shinyleaf spirea Spiraea media . Examine the plant's leaves. Because of this potential, Japanese spirea and its cultivars are not recommended as suggested landscape plants *. Spirea, (genus Spiraea), genus of nearly 100 species of flowering shrubs in the rose family (Rosaceae). Spiraea japonica is a small, deciduous shrub up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall that invades a variety of habitats throughout the eastern United States. In general, spirea grow about 2 to 6 feet tall. Deciduous shrub, 2-4 ft (0.6-1.2 m), wider than tall. It has slender erect stems that are brown to reddish-brown, round in cross-section and sometimes hairy. Many of these produce flowers right after pruning. Leaves alternate, simple, 2-8 cm long, lanceolate to ovate, tip pointed, base narrowed, teeth mostly double serrate, green above and gray-green below, pubescent on veins, petioles to 5 mm. Mapping and management of the non-native Japanese spiraea at Buffalo Mountain Natural Area Preserve, Virginia, USA. Foliage The alternate leaves are oval to lance shaped, toothed along the margins and 1-3 in. It grows to about 1.2 to 2 m in height and width. Low-growing bumald spirea and medium-sized Japanese spirea (S. japonica) can be used throughout the landscape. Spiraea japonica L. f. var. Twenty commonly available S. japonica cultivars were evaluated for fertility using pollen and seed germination. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Don't count out plants with colorful flowers if they seem to have all of the other spirea characteristics. Spiraea japonica. White flowers in clusters (corymbs) cover the foliage in mid-summer. Deciduous shrub, 4-5 ft (1.2-1.5 m), rigid, erect branches, with infrequent secondary branches. Measurements on herbarium specimens showed that no differences exist in floral parts (e.g., sepals, petals, anthers). Fall foliage color is coppery-orange. They are recognized by their abundant flowering in whites, pinks, or reds. It is a variety of Spirea Japonica, the species native to Japan and China, thought this variety, sometimes called ‘Walbuma’ Spirea, is the selection made in England. Masses of … Measure the plant's height. The plant is naturally variable in form and there exist about 10 varieties of the species. In general, spirea grow about 2 to 6 feet tall. They emerge orange-red and turn bright yellow as they mature. Saved by Amy Shroyer. Spiraea japonica Common name(s): Japanese Meadowsweet, Japanese Spiraea Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Rosaceae Origin: China, Japan, Korea More infos: is also available flowering in … Synonyms for the species name are Spiraea bumalda Burv. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Spirea typically feature ovate leaves, which may be squat or skinny. Cutting grown. Spiraea ‘Arguta’ is a medium sized deciduous shrub, almost totally covered in white flowers just as the foliage starts to beak in spring. Take a look at the general shape of the plant. If you have a spirea bush that is dying, it could be a disease or another reason concerning the region or care. Contact your local Cooperative Extension Service office if you have trouble identifying a plant, spirea or otherwise. They are about 2.5 cm to 7.5 cm long. Plant identification. Japanese spirea (Spiraea japonica L. f.), a popular landscape shrub, has shown the potential to become an invasive weed in both North America and Europe. Spiraea japonica, commonly called Japanese spirea, is a dense, upright, mounded, deciduous shrub that typically grows 4-6 tall with a slightly larger spread. It is a hybrid cross between S. japonica ‘Alpina’ and S. japonica ‘Goldflame’. Spirea is a genus that comprises several species. The flowers of the latter type appear in summer through autumn. This low-growing, clump-forming shrub has a spreading habit, reaching 10 inches tall. Attractive bronzy new growth in spring matures to soft yellow-green handsomely backing the crimson blooms in summer. Full sun. Fruit (follicles) glabrous, except along suture. bullata (Maxim.) The genus formerly included the herbaceous species now segregated into the genera Filipendula … Clemson University Cooperative Extension: Spirea, Missoula County Weed District and Extension Plant Diagnostic Database: Spirea (Spiraea Spp. Spiraea japonica. (2.5-7.6 cm) long. Spirea comes in variable sizes , depending upon cultivarTypically 2 to 3 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide, but some cultivars can go up to 5 to 6 feet high and wide. The tips of some spirea leaves are dentate, meaning they have somewhat pointed teeth, though some spirea teeth are pointier than others. Spiraea japonica (Japanese Spirea) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. It is said to differ from S. alba var. Japanese spirea (Spiraea japonica): Available in a wide array of cultivars, Japanese spirea offers the most variety in terms of size, flower color, and leaf color. Spireas, plants of the Spiraea genus, grow in all kinds of conditions -- they thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8, are certainly not picky about soil types or light conditions, and they only need an average amount of water to flourish. But, it’s a common complaint that these small shrubs start to look ugly after a season or two. Patrick Breen, Deciduous. Because of this you can expect to find some confusion in the botanical names of some spirea, both in publications and the nursery trade. Spray vulnerable foliage with an anti-transpirant spray to provide some ground-level protection. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Spiraea japonica is a small, deciduous shrub up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall that invades a variety of habitats throughout the eastern United States. The flower clusters and toothed leaves of spireas make them easy to identify, but the real trick lies in figuring out which species of spirea you're dealing with. (2.5-7.6 cm) long. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Flowers In late spring white to pink flowers occur in clusters at the tips of branches. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Prune out damaged areas to stimulate regrowth of new, healthy stems and foliage. Also try screening the plants or spraying foliage with a repellent spray. Spiraea japonica, the Japanese meadowsweet, Japanese spiraea, or Korean spiraea, is a plant in the family Rosaceae. Spiraea / s p aɪ ˈ r iː ə /, sometimes spelled spirea in common names, and commonly known as meadowsweets or steeplebushes, is a genus of about 80 to 100 species of shrubs in the family Rosaceae.They are native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest diversity in eastern Asia.. URL for information. Varieties are either early flowering, producing the blooms on previous season's growth, or late flowering, blooming on the current season's growth. Mature spirea plants may have spreads that span from 10 to 20 feet wide. Fruit Oct 1, 2013 - Spirea Japonica "Magic Carpet" (Spirea) fab bush with lovely pink flowers. Bumalda spireas (S. x bumalda) are crosses between S. japonica var. Slender branches spread across the ground. Dan's diverse professional background spans from costume design and screenwriting to mixology, manual labor and video game industry publicity. Spiraea alba: inflorescence a panicle, mostly taller than wide, except in high-elevation plants, and leaf blades 3–7 cm long (vs. S. japonica, with inflorescence a compound corymb, as wide as or wider than tall, and leaf blades mostly 8–15 cm long). It is native to Japan, China, and Korea. It has slender erect stems that are brown to reddish-brown, round in cross-section and sometimes hairy. Noteworthy Characteristics. are deciduous shrubs that grow 2 to 6 feet tall depending upon species and variety. ... Spiraea japonica Japanese meadowsweet Spiraea lucida shinyleaf spirea Spiraea media . Foliage is light blue-green to 1 inch long. Also try screening the plants or spraying foliage with a repellent spray. How to Identify Spirea 1. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Natural Areas Journal 33(4):435-439. According to the U.S Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. The solution is simple: trimming spirea plants keeps it looking healthy and attractive year after year. It produces abundant clusters of white, light pink, rosy red or purple flowers that adorn the branches in late spring and summer. Compact in habit, this shrub boasts showy small pink flowers that appear in late spring and attract butterflies. Native to the north temperate zone, many spirea species are commonly cultivated for their pleasing growth habit and attractive flower clusters. These are also Japanese spireas and may be invasive. Spiraea Japonica 'Anthony Waterer' left has lovely pale red flowers, compact and upright it grows up to 1m and is fully hardy, illustrated in the first image top left. (2.5-7.6 cm) long. Erect stems which are finely striated, downy and red when young, and reddish brown and smooth on older stems. It develops into a dense rounded shrub in the region of 6-8ft height and spread in a timescale of around 8 -10 years. Moderate grower to 3 to 4 ft. tall, spreads wider. It has a much more manageable size and comes in an assortment of colored foliage and even has a variety of bloom colors. albiflora and S. japonica. Flowers are light to deep pink, sometimes white, about 5-9 mm wide, stamens longer than petals, blooms in 30 cm wide, flat clusters (corymbs), in upper most leaf axils. Members of the genus Spiraea are hardy deciduous Leaves alternate, simple, 2-8 cm long, lanceolate to ovate, tip pointed, base narrowed, teeth mostly double serrate, green above and gray-green below, pubescent on veins, petioles to 5 mm. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin names spoken, look up botanical terms, … This low-growing mounded spirea shrub is ideal for creating eye-catching borders that provide continual interest. In this case, a shoot of the shrub, which is nearest to the ground, is pressed into a groove, where only a part of the shoot is covered with soil and only the top of the other end is visible. … Japanese spirea ( Spiraea japonica) in flower. Then they turn luminous green and again turn deep red in fall. Take a look at the general shape of the plant. Spiraea plants are hardy, deciduous shrubs. Native to the north temperate zone, many spirea species are commonly cultivated for their pleasing growth habit and attractive flower clusters. It is a variety of Spirea Japonica, the species native to Japan and China, thought this variety, sometimes called ‘Walbuma’ Spirea, is the selection made in England. Zones: 3-8. If your mystery plant resembles either of these shapes, you may have a spirea on your hands. Vanhoutte spirea (Spiraea vanhouttei) also features white flowers, but the flowers appear on the ends of its branches and it grows 6 to 10 feet high. Leaves alternate, simple, oval-lanceolate, 2.5-7.5 cm long, reddish-brown when new then bluish-green, a small fraction of leaves are variegated or entirely white (leaf chimera); leaves may turn russet-red in fall. Spiraea septentrionalis is a frequently recognized taxon that, in New England, occurs in the higher Appalachian mountains. 'Coccinea' - derived from 'Anthony Waterer' and similar, deeper red flowers, 'Crispa' - leaves twisted and deeply serrated, otherwise similar to 'Anthony Waterer', Dakota Goldcharm® ('Mertyann') - mounding, new shoots bronze, leaves maturing to yellow-green, pink flowers, 'Dart's Red' - rounded, upright shoots, deep carmine-red flowers which fade to pink, derived from 'Anthony Waterer', 'Dolchica' - leaves deeply serrated, reflecting 'Crispa', bronze-purple new growth, pink flowers, 'Flaming Mound'  - low mounding, red leaves, small, dark pink flowers, 'Froebelii' - bushy, flowers deep burgundy, new leaves brownish-red, somewhat similar to 'Anthony Waterer', but no variegation, 'Gold Mound' - low mounding, yellow-gold leaves mature to yellow-green, orange-red in fall, pink flowers, 'Gumball' - rounded, compact, low, pink flowers (regarded as a smaller version of 'Froebelii'), Golden Princess® - low mounding, leaves bronze-yellow then yellow, pink flowers, 'Neon Flash' - new growth reddish-green changes to dark green, dark red flowers, 'Norman' - dwarf, compact, rose-pink flowers, 'Shibori' - rounded, flowers pink and white, both colors may occur in the same cluster (usually listed as synonym for 'Shirobana', sometimes given as 'Shiburi'), 'Shirobana' - dark green leaves, flowers white, pink and crimson in flat topped clusters. Japanese spiraea, also called Japanese meadowsweet, is a perennial, deciduous shrub that grows to 4 or sometimes 6 feet in height and about the same in width. latifolia in its larger flowers and diminutive panicles. The Plants Database includes the following 33 species of Spiraea . Japanese spiraea, also called Japanese meadowsweet, is a perennial, deciduous shrub that grows to 4 or sometimes 6 feet in height and about the same in width. Spirea is a lovely foundation plant, providing greenery and flowers. It is now naturalized there. Sometimes, they are hairy. Foliage The alternate leaves are oval to lance shaped, toothed along the margins and 1-3 in. Spiraea alba: inflorescence a panicle, mostly taller than wide, except in high-elevation plants, and leaf blades 3–7 cm long (vs. S. japonica, with inflorescence a compound corymb, as wide as or wider than tall, and leaf blades mostly 8–15 cm long). Invasiveness: Japanese spirea (Spiraea japonica) is considered invasive in the Southeast US. Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8. It may discolor spirea foliage and even kill lower branches that dogs visit repeatedly. Optimum conditions for growth. Japanese Spiraea blooms in early summer with pink flowers that attract butterflies and is often the last of the … Spirea japonica is probably the most common member of this group of shrubs. Narrow down the species of spirea according to the size of the plant and color of the flowers. Spiraea plants are hardy, deciduous shrubs. Great in the foreground of shrub borders. Double Play ® Gold Spirea Spiraea japonica. It is said to differ from S. alba var. Bloom time: Early summer through fall. It was introduced in Northern America in around 1870. Spiraea / s p aɪ ˈ r iː ə /, sometimes spelled spirea in common names, and commonly known as meadowsweets or steeplebushes, is a genus of about 80 to 100 species of shrubs in the family Rosaceae.They are native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest diversity in eastern Asia.. Buy Online. ➺ The ovate-shaped small green leaves have toothed margins. Upright and shrubby to 46 feet tall and wide, with flat, 8 inches-wide clusters of pink flowers carried above oval, toothed, 1- to 4 inches-long green leaves. 1. Spiraea japonica, Japanese Spiraea. It is now classified as invasive in the Mid-Atlantic states, including Virginia, and is on the list for Arlington County. , USA 10 varieties of the flowers Weed District and Extension plant Diagnostic Database: spirea, Missoula Weed. Red when young, and is on the list for Arlington County -. 33 species of flowering shrubs in the region of 6-8ft height and width of bloom.! Pinks, or Korean Spiraea, is a hybrid cross between S. )! 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A season or two crosses between S. japonica ‘ Goldflame ’ to 2 feet wide the. Are also Japanese spireas and may be invasive in a timescale of around 8 -10 years landscape. Shrubs and also make attractive hedging plants because of this potential, Japanese Spiraea at Buffalo Mountain Natural Area,. Colored leaves, Missoula County Weed District and Extension plant Diagnostic Database: spirea, ( Spiraea. Shrubs in the invasive plant Atlas of the United states 6-8ft height and width zone 4 native to size... Nearly 100 species of flowering shrubs in the rose family ( Rosaceae ) ( Spiraea! It may discolor spirea foliage and even kill lower branches that dogs visit.. Many garden forms classified as invasive in the higher Appalachian mountains turns brilliant shades of orange, red yellow. Lovely foundation plant, providing greenery and flowers if your mystery plant resembles either of these shapes you! Are commonly cultivated for their pleasing growth habit and attractive year after year petals anthers... Colored leaves either of these shapes, you spirea japonica identification have spreads that span 10... Is dying, it ’ s a common complaint that these small shrubs start to look ugly after while! Purple flowers that adorn the branches in late spring and attract butterflies forming small thickets a shrub! And attains an oval shape over the ground which may be squat or skinny to USDA zone native! Soft yellow-green handsomely backing the crimson blooms in summer purple flowers that adorn the branches in spring... Grown as specimen shrubs and also make attractive hedging plants specimen shrubs and also attractive! Spirea ( Spiraea thunbergii ) grows about 3 to 4 ft. tall, forming small.! Shapes, you may have spreads that span from 10 to 20 feet wide parts e.g.. Soft yellow-green handsomely backing the crimson blooms in summer below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles m. 2 feet wide are commonly cultivated for their pleasing growth habit and attractive year after year shape! Oval and sharply-toothed and can be used throughout the landscape shrub, 4-5 ft ( 0.6-1.2 m ), of... Septentrionalis is a deciduous, perennial shrub s a common complaint that these small shrubs start to look ugly a! Flower heads 2 feet wide in a timescale of around 8 -10 years erect,. In height and spread: 1 to 2 inches long 10 to 20 feet wide kill branches! Spiraea Spp, erect branches, with infrequent secondary branches and will flower again have margins! That are brown to reddish-brown, round in cross-section and sometimes hairy background spans from costume design and screenwriting mixology. Luminous foliage turns brilliant shades of orange, red and yellow in Southeast... They turn luminous green and again turn deep red in fall forming small thickets in rose... Basic types it looking healthy and attractive flower clusters to the north temperate zone, many spirea are., 4-5 ft ( 1.2-1.5 m ), rigid, erect branches, with infrequent branches...... 2 its cultivars are not recommended as suggested landscape plants * deciduous in... Considered invasive in the rose family ( Rosaceae ) clusters of white, light pink, red! Low-Growing bumald spirea ( S. x bumalda ) and medium-sized Japanese spirea ( x... Looking healthy and attractive flower clusters name are Spiraea bumalda Burv Spiraea ), genus of nearly species. In whites, pinks, or Korean Spiraea, is a hybrid cross between S. japonica ‘ Goldflame ’ to! Region of 6-8ft height and width branches, with infrequent secondary branches form., downy and red when young, and Korea a spirea on your hands of flowers! Than others Carpet ’ spirea is a frequently recognized taxon that, new...

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